Royal Spring Babies

April Birthday Celebrants in European Royal Court

The month of April sounds like the most popular month of birthday celebration in the European Royal Court. It's a busy month in the royal calendar for birthday celebration in a year. Here are European royals who are Royal Babies.

Queen Elizabeth II, The United Kingdom (April 21)

The Queen was born on April 21, 1926 as the eldest child of then Prince Bertie, Duke of York, and his wife, Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon. The Duke of York mounted the British throne on December 10, 1936 upon the abdication of his older brother, Edward VIII.

He reigned close to 16 years as George VI. He died in February 1952 and his daughter, Elizabeth ascended the British throne as Elizabeth II.

However, the Queen's birthday is officially celebrated on the second Saturday of June in a ceremony called Trooping the Colours also known as The Queen's Birthday Parade.

King Willem-Alexander, The Netherlands 

He is the youngest crown head in Europe at present time. King Wilhelm-Alexander was born on April 27, 1967 as the eldest son of then Princess Beatrix and Claus von Amsberg, a German aristocrat. His mother ascended the Dutch throne in 1980 following the abdication of his grandmother, Queen Juliana. Thirty three years later, Queen Beatrix would follow suit in favor of her eldest son.

Wilhelm-Alexander is the first male monarch of the Netherlands in over 100 years since the reign of King William III in the 19th century. He is married to Maxima Zorreguieta, an Argentinian, who descened from Basque nobility. Maxima worked as an investment banker in New York city before their wedding in February 2002.

The King has two siblings (all boys), but his next brother, Prince Friso, died last year, 2013, after becoming comatose for more than a year due to the head injury he suffered in a skiing accident.

The King and Queen have three daughters together: Princess Catharina-Amalia, Princess Alexia and Princess Ariane. The eldest daughter, Catharina-Amalia, became the Heridetary Princess of Orange-Nassau upon Wilhelm’s accession to the throne.

The King studied history at Leiden University in the Netherlands and received his MA degree in 1993.

King Philippe, Belgium

Born on April 15, 1960 in Brussels, Belgium, King Filip ascended the Belgian throne last year, July 21, 2013, following the voluntary abdication  of his father, King Albert II of Belgium, due to health reasons. At 54, King Filip is the second youngest reigning monarch in Europe after King Alexander-Wilhelm of the Netherlands.

King Filip is married to Queen Matilde who was born a Countess as a daughter of Count Patrick d’Udekem d’Acoz. They have four children together: Princess Elisabeth, Prince Gabrielle, Prince Emmanuel and Princess Eleanore.

Belgium is the second European monarchial country after Sweden to adopt the lineal law of succession or absolute primogeniture removing the gender discrimination of the monarch’s children in the line of succession. This change of law gives equal right to an eldest daughter to succeed and would no longer be pushed by a younger brother in the line of succession to the throne.

Princess Elisabeth is her father’s heir-apparent and takes the title Duchess of Brabant upon her father’s accession to the throne. It’s a female counter-part of Duke of Brabant, a title given to the heir-apparent of the Belgian throne.

King Philippe has a degree in MA in Political Science from Stanford University, California.

Grand Duke Henri, Luxembourg

His Royal Highness, the Grand Duke of Luxembourg, Henri, is the current head of state of the only remaining grand duchy of Europe, Luxembourg, one of the smallest states in the world, but the second richest in terms of Gross Domestic Product per capita.

The current Grand Duke is the eldest son of Grand Duke Jean and the late Princess Josephine-Charlotte of Belgium, eldest sister of King Albert II of Belgium, making Henri a first cousin to King Filip. He ascended the Luxembourgian throne following the abdication of his father, Grand Duke Jean, on October 7, 2000.

He obtained his Political Science degree at the Graduate Institute of International Studies in Geneva, Switzerland and just like most male members of European royalty, Grand Duke Henri trained in the elite military school in England, the Royal Military Academy in Sandhurst.

While studying in Geneva, Henri met a Cuban commoner, Maria Teresa Batista-Falla, they eventually got married on February 1981 and have five children together: Prince Guillaume, the Hereditary Grand Duke, Prince Felix, Prince Louis, Princess Alexandra and Prince Sebastien.

King Carl XVI Gustav, Sweden

The current Swedish King has been on the news for a couple of times since 2010 due to several controversies involving his personal life. But the King managed to dismiss the scandalous press releases and went on to unite his family in various royal events.

The King became second in line to the Swedish throne on January 1947 when he was only nine months old when his father, Prince Gustaf Adolf, died in a plane crash. In 1950, upon the accession of his grandfather, Adolf VI, to the throne, Prince Carl became the Crown Prince at the age of 4.

He ascended the Swedish throne on September 15, 1973 and married his commoner German girlfriend, Silvia Sommerlath, on June 1976. He is the first Swedish King to marry a girl from a commoner stock, had he married Silvia prior to the death of his grandfather (who declared that all members of the Swedish royal family must marry within the European royal circle only), he would never become a King of Sweden and would be stripped from his royal title and inheritance.

The King and the Queen have three children together: Princess Victoria, Prince Carl Philip and Princess Madelaine, and two granddaughters: Princess Estelle and Princess Leonore.

Queen Margrethe II, Denmark

The current Queen of Denmark has been on the Danish throne since January 1972 following the death of her father, King Frederick IX. She turned 74 years old last April 16. She was not expected to ascend the Danish throne at the early part of her life, in fact, despite being the eldest among the three daughters of King Frederick, Margrethe was not recognized as the heiress presumptive until 1953.

The Danish throne maintained a Salic Law for 100 years allowing only male descendants to ascend the throne. When Margrethe was born in 1940 the heir presumptive to the throne was her paternal uncle, Prince Knaud.

In 1953, the Danish parliament effectively passed an alteration of the law on succession allowing female descendants to succeed the throne. This constitutional change made way for the young Princess to become heiress presumptive.

Queen Margrethe II is a third/second cousin to Queen Elizabeth II of Britain, her husband, Prince Philip, the Duke of Edinburgh, King Juan Carlos of Spain and his wife, Queen Sophia, King Harald V of Norway, King Carl XVI Gustav, King Filip of Belgium and Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg. Their common ancestors were Queen Victoria of England and King Christian IX of Denmark.

She married a French nobleman, Henri de Laborde de Monpezat, in 1967 and have two sons: Crown Prince Frederik and Prince Joachim.

Princess Isabella of Denmark

The eldest daughter of Frederick, the Crown Prince of Denmark, and his wife, Mary Donaldson. She was born on April 21, 2007.

Prince Sebastien of Luxembourg

He is the youngest child of Grand Duke Henri and Maria Theresa

Prince Louis of Cambridge

The youngest child of The Duke of Cambridge and Kate Middleton. He was born on April 23, 2018 and named after Lord Mountbatten.

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