Royal Family Tree

EUROPE’S ROYAL FAMILY TREE

Queen Victoria of England and King Christian IX of Denmark were traditionally considered as the grandmother and grandfather of all Europe because the rulers of European monarchy, past and present, were/are descended from their lines through the marriage alliances of their offspring.

QUEEN VICTORIA (1819-1901) reigned: 1837-1901
Married her first cousin PRINCE ALBERT of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (1819-1862). Queen Victoria and Prince Albert were niece and nephew of the first Belgian King, Leopold I. In fact, Leopold was the responsible of bringing his nephew and niece together in marriage. Victoria and Albert got married when they were only 18 years old. They had nine children together. Albert died at the age of 42 from typhoid fever and the British Queen reportedly wore a black dress for the rest of her life.

CHILDREN:

PRINCESS VICKY married EMPEROR FREDERICK III OF GERMANY
            Children:
               Emperor William II
               Princess Charlotte married Prince Bernhard III, the Duke of Saxe-Meiningen
               Prince Henry
               Prince Sigismund
               Princess Viktoria married Prince Adolf of Schaumburg-Lippe
               Prince Waldemar
               Princess Sophia married King Constantine I of Greece
                    Children:
                      King George II
                      King Alexander
                      King Paul I married Princess Frederica of Hanover-granddaughter 
                                                                            of William II of Germany
                              Children: Queen Sofia of Spain, King Constantine II and Princess Irene
                      Princess Helena married King Carol II of Romania
                      Princess Irene married the Duke of Aosta
                      Princess Katherine
             Princess Margaret

KING EDWARD VII married PRINCESS ALEXANDRA OF DENMARK
            Children:
            Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence (died before becoming King)
            King George V married Princess Mary of Teck
                        Children:
                        King Edward VIII (abdicated)
                        King George VI married Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon-parents of Queen                                                                                                            Elizabeth II
                        Princess Mary married the 6th Earl of Harewood
Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester married Lady Alice Montagu-Douglas Scott
                        Prince George, the Duke of Kent married Princess Marina of Greece
Princess Louise married Frederick Duff, Duke of Fife
            Princess Victoria (single)
            Princess Maud married King Haakon VII of Norway
                        son:
                        King Olaf V married Princess Martha of Sweden-parents of King Harald V

PRINCESS ALICE married PRINCE LOUIS IV, GRAND DUKE OF HESSE-CASSEL
            Children:
            Princess Victoria married Prince Louis of Battenberg (Louis Mountbatten)
                        Children:
                        Princess Alice married Prince Andrew of Greece-parents of Prince Philip, the 
                                                                                                          Duke of Edinburgh
                        David, the second Marquess of Milford-Haven
                        Louise married the King of Sweden, Gustaf VI
                        Lord Louis, the Earl of Burma
            Prince Irene married Prince Henry of Prussia
            Prince Ernest Louis, the Grand Duke of Hesse-Cassel
            Prince Friedrich
            Princess Alix married Czar Nicolas of Russia
                        Children:
                        Grand Duchess Olga
                        Grand Duchess Maria
                        Grand Duchess Tatiana
                        Grand Duchess Anastacia
                        Tsarevitch Alexei
           Princess Marie
PRINCE ALFRED, Duke of Edinburgh and Saxe-Coburg and Gotha married GRAND DUCHESS MARIA OF RUSSIA
            Children:
            Prince Alfred
            Princess Marie married King Ferdinand I of Romania
                    Children:
                     King Carol II of Romania married Princess Helena of Greece-parents of King Michael II
                     Princess Elisabeth married King George II of Greece
                     Princess Maria married King Peter of Yoguslavia
                     Princess Ileana married an Archduke of Austria
                     Princess Mircea
            Princess Victoria Melita married Grand Duke Cyril of Russia
            Princess Alexandra married Prince Ernst II, the Duke of Hohenloe-Langerburg
            Princess Beatrice married Prince Alfonso, the Duke of Gallera

PRINCESS HELENA married Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein
           Children:
            Prince Christian Victor
            Prince Albert
            Princess Helena Victoria
            Princess Marie Louise

PRINCESS LOUISE married John Campbell, the Duke of Argyll  (no children)

PRINCE ARTHUR, the Duke of Connaught married PRINCESS HELENA
            Children:
            Princess Margaret married Crown Prince Gustaf of Sweden
                 Children:
                   Prince  Gustav Adolf married Princess Sibylla of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha-parents of King
                                                                                                           Carl  XVI Gustav
                   Prince Sigvar, the Duke of Uppland
                   Princess Ingrid married King Frederick IX of Denmark-parents of Queen Margrethe II
                   Prince Bertil
                   Count Carl Johann (stripped of his title for marrying a commoner)
            Prince Arthur
            Princess Patricia
 
PRINCE LEOPOLD, the Duke of Albany married PRINCESS HELENA OF Waldeck-Pyrmont
            Children:
            Princess Alice married Prince Alexander of Teck later the Earl of Athlone
            Prince Charles Edward, the Grand Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
                      married to Princess Victoria Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen one of their children was Princess 
                      Sybilla who married Prince Gustav Adolf of Sweden, he predeceased his father, Adolf VI,
                      so his son became King Carl XVI Gustav.
                    
PRINCESS BEATRICE married Prince Henry of Battenberg (later Henry Mountbatten)
            Children:
            Prince Alexander (made a 1st Marquess of Carisbrooke by King George V)
            Princess Eugenie married King Alfonso XIII of Spain(grandparents of King Juan Carlos-Spain)
            Prince Leopold 
            Prince Maurice  
    (note: Henry Battenberg was the older brother of Prince Louis of Battenberg)
KING CHRISTIAN IX OF DENMARK (1818-1906) reigned: 1963-1906 
married PRINCESS LOUISE OF HESSE-CASSEL

CHILDREN:

PRINCESS ALEXANDRA married KING EDWARD VII OF ENGLAND
            Children (refer to the family tree of Queen Victoria)
KING FREDERICK VIII married PRINCESS LOVISA OF SWEDEN
            Children:
            King Christian X married Princess Alexandrine of Mecklenburg
                        Children:
                        King Frederick IX married Princess Ingrid of Sweden
                                Their Children:
                                Queen Margrethe II, Princess Benedikte, Princess Ana Marie-wife of King
                                                                                                    Constantine II of Greece
                         Prince Knaud married Princess Caroline Mathilde of Denmark
            King Haakon VII of Norway married Princess Maud of England
                       Children:
                       King Olaf V married Princess Martha of Sweden-parents of King Harald V
            Princess Louise married Prince Frederick Georg of Schaumburg-Lippe (grandson of     Princess Vicky)
            Prince Harald 
            Princess Ingeborg
            Princess Thyra
            Prince Gustav
            Princess Dagmar    

KING GEORGE I OF GREECE married GRANDDUCHESS OLGA OF RUSSIA
            Children:
            King Constantine I married Princess Sophia of Germany
                        Children: please refer to the family tree of Queen Victoria
            Prince George
            Prince Alexandra
            Prince Nicholas-father of Princess Marina who married Prince George, the Duke of Kent
            Princess Maria
            Princess Olga
Prince Andrew married Princess Alice of Battenberg
            Children:
            Princess Theodora
            Princess Cecilia
            Princess Margarita
            Princess Sophia
            Prince Philip, the Duke of  Edinburgh
Prince Christopher

PRINCESS DAGMAR married EMPEROR ALEXANDER III OF RUSSIA
            Children:
            Emperor Nicholas II of Russia married Princess Alix of Hesse-Cassel
            Grand Duke Alexander
            Grand Duke George
            Grand Duchess Xenia
            Grand Duke Michael
            Grand Duchess Olga

PRINCESS THYRA married ERNST AUGUST II, the King of Hanover (they were the ancestor of Prince Ernst August, the husband of Princess Caroline of Monaco 

PRINCE VALDEMAR  married PRINCESS MARIE OF ORLEANS


This is the general royal family tree of Europe traced back from the lines of Queen Victoria of England and King Christian IX of Denmark. The present rulers of European royal houses, except for Monaco, Liechtenstein and The Netherlands, are all cousins.


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